Table of Contents
What is Pediatric Oncology
Cancer diagnosis often causes a lot of anxiety and suffering for everyone. It is more common when the patient is a child. If a child is diagnosed with cancer, it can have a huge impact on the whole family. It is important to remember that it is not the fault of the parents / guardians that the child has cancer and that it is not due to anything they did or did not do.
Pediatric oncology is a medical specialty that focuses on the care of children with cancer. In India, cancer is the ninth most common cause of death in children between the ages of 5 and 14.
The most common types of cancer diagnosis in children ages 0 to 14 are leukemia, brain and other tumors, and lymphomas of the central nervous system (CNS). The causes of most childhood cancers are unknown. About 5% of all cancers in children are caused by inherited mutations (genetic mutations that can be passed from parents to children). Most cancers are believed to develop in children as a result of gene mutations that lead to uncontrollable disease. Cell growth and eventually cancer.
Holistic, multidisciplinary care is needed to ensure appropriate and personalized treatment for childhood cancer. Children with cancer need an early and accurate diagnosis and effective treatment to improve outcomes.
The treatment of childhood cancers is one of the most successful stories in the history of medical oncology. In the 1970s, less than 10% of children with cancer were cured with available treatment. Now, in 2019, more than 80% of all childhood malignancies can be treated and cured effectively.
The treatment a child with cancer receives depends on the type of cancer and how well it develops. After clinical evaluation, diagnostic and staging research often prescribes additional treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and stem cell transplantation.
During such intensive therapy, children often have to be hospitalized or checked frequently by a doctor in the clinic with blood tests. Children who receive chemotherapy are at increased risk of infection and bleeding. Cancer is not contagious (it is not spread to other people by touch or contact). A child can resume school and normal activities once a treatment is completed, but it is followed regularly.
Types of Oncologists
There are five specialties within oncology. Medical oncologists treat cancer with potent drugs that people refer to as chemotherapy. Surgical oncologists remove cancerous growths and parts of organs that are damaged by cancer, and they also perform biopsies that are necessary to diagnose cancer.
Nuclear oncologists use radiation, including x-rays and radioactive implants, to destroy cancerous cells. Pediatric and gynecological oncologists may use all three methods to treat cancer in children and women, respectively.
Pediatric Oncology Specialization
Cancer in children comes in different forms, has a different course, and must be treated differently than cancer in adults. Therefore, children and young people with cancer need their own specialized doctors and hospitals. Pediatric oncology is a subfield of pediatrics and covers the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of all types of cancer in children and adolescents. The newborn already has cancer. However, most children with cancer these days can be cured.
The most common diseases in the field of pediatric oncology are leukemia, brain tumor, lymphoma, sympathetic nervous system tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, kidney tumor, and bone tumor.
In Germany, treatment plans for children and adolescents with cancer are managed through integrated systems according to the treatment plans of the Society for Pediatric Oncology and Hematology Association (GPOH).
These systems are currently under investigation. Pediatric oncology treatments must be adapted to the body of the infant and adolescent. Many children with cancer undergo chemotherapy and radiation.
Children with cancer should be treated in specialized clinics that focus on pediatric oncology.
Duties of a Pediatric Oncologist
Pediatric oncologists examine patients, order diagnostic tests, make diagnoses, and prescribe treatments. They can also advise patients and their families on how to treat their illnesses. Pediatric oncologists often lead a treatment team made up of other doctors and healthcare workers. Since most patients are treated, researched, and taught, they are generally recruited from medical schools or hospitals. However, a minority choose private practice.
The best Care for Children and Adolescents
Children and adolescents are not the only ones. Their bodies are growing and they have specialized medical needs. They generally express their problems differently from adults.
They cannot always answer medical questions and they are not always patient and cooperative. Pediatric hematologists / oncologists know how to examine and treat young children and adolescents in a relaxed and cooperative manner. Most pediatric hematologist / oncologist offices are set up for children and adolescents.
If your pediatrician recommends seeing your child or adolescent’s pediatric hematologist / oncologist, you can be sure that your child or adolescent will receive the best possible care.